In comparison to other mobile app development technologies, Flutter and Dart are two of the new keywords that are making a lot of buzz in the industry. And with the help of this article, we will be providing you with the basic introduction of these two emerging technologies that have been developed by the tech giant Google itself.
This is a trending topic as of today, flutter app development companies are in demand for designing and developing mobile apps based on flutter that offers incredible UI (User Interface) to their respective users.
The whole hybrid mobile framework revolution started back in the year 2011 when Xamarin, which is now owned by Microsoft, brought its own digital solution for hybrid applications to the market. And all of this is done through its main product i.e. Xamarin SDK with C#.
The primary motive for the rise in the need for hybrid mobile apps is the luxury of writing one code base for various platforms. Next in line was Ionic, which made its debut in the year 2013, which was developed to help web app developers in expanding their skill sets for their respective industries.
With that being said, let’s see how Google decides to take on this challenge of hybrid mobile frameworks.
Dart: The Programming Language for Flutter
Just a couple of months ago, Google decided to make its first public release of Flutter 1.0 after keeping the same project in the beta mode for a time period of more than 18 months. Now, answering the question, what is Dart?
Dart is a programming language that is used for coding purposes in Flutter applications. We can also state Dart as another product by Google organization. In addition to this, the company recently released its version 2.1 just before Flutter.
There’s no denying the fact that the community of Flutter is not as extensive and supporting as the communities of React Native, Ionic, or even Xamarin. But at the same time that does not limit the scope for this new technology.
When it comes to comparing, Dart does look somewhat similar to the programming language C as it is also an object-oriented language. So, if you are an application developer that has a preference for the C programming language or even Java, then Dart language might be the one for you.
Applications of Dart Language
Dart is not only used for mobile app development, but it is also a programming language that can be efficiently utilized for various other tasks. Technically, Dart is approved as a standard programming language by Ecma (ECMA-408), which means it can be effectively used for building almost anything over the web, servers, desktop and this, of course, includes mobile apps.
The installation of the Dart programming language comes with a VM that is required to run the .dart files from a command-line interface in the system. These Dart files are then further used in Flutter applications that are compiled and packaged into a binary file in the .apk or .ipa format, once that is done, they are uploaded directly to their respective app stores.
How is Coding different in Dart?
In simple terms, we can say that coding in Dart is mostly like other ALGOL languages, for instance, Java or C#. The entry point of a Dart class is the main() method and this method acts as a starting point for all the Flutter apps. In addition to this, the default value of most data types is null.
Other than that, Dart classes only support the single inheritance so there can only be one superclass for a particular class in the process. But the same process can also have several implementations of Interfaces in Dart.